This virtual cache will bring you to Gathland State Park, where there are ample opportunities to hike and enjoy the area. To the north, you can hike to Crampton Gap, and on up to US Route 40 and Turners Gap. To the south, you can hike to Weverton Heights and on to Harpers Ferry, WV.
The Battle of South Mountain — known in several early Southern accounts as the Battle of Boonsboro Gap — was fought September 14, 1862, as part of the Maryland Campaign of the American Civil War. Three pitched battles were fought for possession of three South Mountain passes: Crampton's, Turner's, and Fox's Gaps. Maj. Gen. George B. McClellan, commanding the Union Army of the Potomac, needed to pass through these gaps in his pursuit of Confederate General Robert E. Lee's Army of Northern Virginia. Despite being significantly outnumbered, Lee's army delayed McClellan's advance for a day before withdrawing.
There will also be a terracaching virtual nearby, but they are two separate caches. You will need a confirmation code for this cache. At the coordinates, you will see a sign reading about the Battle of South Mountain. In the first paragraph on the upper left hand of the sign, you will need the four digit year.